Franklin Roosevelt Analytical Essay
FDR was the 32nd president of the United States, in 1936, during the Great depression. The Great Depression had reached desperate levels, affecting 13 million unemployed (history). FDR got America through the Great Depression as well as WW2; thus, making him a great leader in American history. It was his ideas and believes, that gave Americans hope, as well as his speeches. This hope was called The New Deal, which would help with the American people. He knew how to speak to the people. When he gave his inaugural speech, he said to the people "We have nothing to fear but fear itself." (Brinkley 31))
FDR would always communicate to the American people over the radio, known as the "fireside chats." He always kept them informed on what was going on, as well as explain what his plan for the new deal was. In his first 100 days as president, he passed 15 major bills into law. The first thing he did was declare a National Bank Holiday. After this came programs like, Federal Security Act, Civil Adjustment Act, Agricultural Adjustment Act, the TVC, Civilian Conservation Corp, and many others. (Brinkley 42 thru44)
The CCC created many jobs for young men; therefore, allowing them to work in national parks and forest. The WPA employed millions of Americans to work in construction, roadwork, parks and so much more. Although the new deal supplied work for a lot of Americans, that was not what helped America recover from the great depression.
Towards the end of his second term in 1939, Germany was at war, invading Poland. It was on December 7, 1941, that Japan attacked Pearl Harbor. That day 2,403 men died. FDR addressed the nation announcing what had just happened, calling it "a date which will live in infamy" (Folsom 78). By December 11 America was at war with Japan, Germany, and Italy. It was then that industries increased production, by producing war material. Women had to enter the workforce and work the farmlands, using their skills and ability to do their part while the men were fighting the war. (Folsom 124)
In 1942 FDR issued an executive order that allowed African Americans to join the war. By December 1945 there were over 2.5 million African Americans man and women that enlisted to fight in the war. Helped by his allies, Great Britain, Russia, and France, the war came to an ended-on September 2, 1945. FDR Died on April 12, 1945, just 5 months before the war came to an end. With great sorrow, the nation had lost a great leader. The war helped the economy recover from its Great Depression. (history)
What made FDR a great president was his vision for the future, the ability to communicate to the people during hard times. Taking the nation form one of its worst times in history and making it better, that's what being a great leader is. Aside from George Washington and Abraham Lincoln, FDR was the nation's greatest leader.
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